In addition to a valid passport, minors must carry their original birth certificate. This also applies to Panamanian minors who carry passports from other countries and foreign minors residing in the Republic of Panama. The National Immigration Office of Panama is accepting the presentation of minor identification cards in the event that the parents do not have a birth certificate at the airport at the time of departure.
Minors must meet the following requirements to travel:
- Be accompanied by his/her mother and father.
- If accompanied by one parent, have the written consent of the other, duly certified by a notary public.
- If accompanied by one parent who holds custody, said parent must have a duly empowered judge's authorization for travel, and in the event of one parent's death, the death certificate of the absent parent will also be required.
- If accompanied by a third party, carry the written consent of both parents according to items #2 and #3 mentioned above.
- If the minor is traveling alone, he or she must submit written permission from both parents, according to items #2 and #3 mentioned above.
Note: Underage children of foreign nonresidents are excluded from this provision.